Friday, March 25, 2016

Pending and Rejected Amendments

According to Article V of the Constitution, amendments can originate in two ways: First, Congress can pass an amendment when two-thirds majority of both houses pass the amendment. Second, two-thirds (34) of the state legislatures can petition Congress to call a national convention. In either case three-fourths (38) of the states must ratify the amendment before it becomes part of the Constitution. 

Congressional Apportionment Amendment of 1789: The purpose of this amendment was to strictly regulate congressional districts for the House of Representatives. The amendment was ratified by eleven states. Four states have voted it down. The amendment is still pending.

Title of Nobility Amendment of 1810: This amendment would revoke citizenship from anyone accepting a title of nobility from a foreign country. This amendment has been ratified by 12 states and turned down by 3 states. The amendment is still pending.

Corwin Amendment of 1861: This amendment would make state's “domestic institutions” immune to congressional interference or constitutional amendment process described by Article V of the Constitution. The intent of this amendment was to save slavery in south states. The amendment was ratified by 3 states, but 2 of them have rescinded the ratification. The amendment is still pending.

Child Labor Amendment of 1924: This amendment would allow the federal government to regulate or prohibit child labor. This amendment has been ratified by 28 states, with 9 states rescinding their ratification. Fifteen states refused to ratify the amendment. The amendment is still pending.

Equal rights Amendment of 1789: This amendment would prohibit state or federal governments from depriving women of equality. The initial ratification period expired in 1979 and the ratification period was extended to 1982. In 1982 the amendment was deemed to have failed. Thirty-five states ratified this amendment with five states rescinding their ratification.

District of Columbia Voting Rights Amendment of 1985. This amendment would have caused the District of Columbia to be treated like a state for congressional representation purposes. It would also have appealed the 23rd Amendment. Sixteen states voted for ratification. The amendment had a time limit which has expired. This amendment failed.

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