Article V of the Constitution provides two ways to change the Constitution. First, a 2/3 majority of both houses of Congress can propose amendments to the Constitution. The second means is for 2/3 of the states to pass resolutions requesting Congress to call a convention. This means 34 out of fifty states must pass resolutions. In either case ratification can be by state legislatures of ¾ of the states or conventions in ¾ of the states.
Thirty-seven of the 50 states have proposed a resolution calling for an Article V Convention during the current session. So far, Alabama, Alaska, Florida, Georgia, Indiana and Tennessee have passed resolutions. These resolutions are open ended and are only closed when the minimum number of states have responded and the convention is finally called. Arizona, South Dakota, Utah, Virginia and West Virginia have passed a resolution in only one house. More will come. The movement seems to be gathering steam.
The resolutions usually specify what the convention can be convened to include, such as amendments that put fiscal restraints on the federal government, enact term limits on Congress and limit federal power. No state would be foolish enough to ask for re-writing the entire Constitution. The resolution in Indiana also requests the National Archives and Records Administration to record and count the resolutions.
The Congress of the United States does not want to call an Article V Convention, because they know their jobs and power would be in jeopardy. There have been 573 applications by 49 states for an Article V convention since 1789. The House of Representatives will not record them. There have been at least two bills proposed in the House to call an Article V Convention. So far all of them have been referred to the Judiciary Committee where the resolutions have died.
There is more pressure now than ever before on Congress to do something. The states resolutions cannot continue to be ignored, if we speak up. They cannot ignore all the people all the time.
More information is available from the “Friends of an Article Five Convention.” Their website is foavc.org. There is also information and a petition available from Convention of States at conventionofstates.com. Please sign the petition and help make a difference to reign in the federal government which no longer represents the majority of people in the country. You can also just google convention of states petition and Google will find it for you.
This may be the only chance we have to put some restraint on the Federal Government and recover states’ rights as the framers of the Constitution intended. Please be part of the solution.